CBT for Depression
CBT, or Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, is a type of psychotherapy that is commonly used to treat depression. In CBT for depression, the therapist works with the patient to identify negative thought patterns and behaviors that may be contributing to their depression. The aim of CBT is to help the patient develop new ways of thinking and behaving that can improve their mood and overall mental health.
The therapy typically involves a structured, time-limited treatment plan, which usually consists of between 12 and 20 sessions. During these sessions, the patient will work with their therapist to:
- Identify negative thoughts and beliefs: The therapist will help the patient identify negative thoughts and beliefs that may be contributing to their depression, such as feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
- Challenge negative thoughts and beliefs: The therapist will help the patient challenge these negative thoughts and beliefs by examining the evidence for and against them. This can help the patient develop a more balanced and realistic perspective.
- Develop coping strategies: The therapist will help the patient develop coping strategies to deal with negative thoughts and emotions, such as relaxation techniques or problem-solving skills.
- Set achievable goals: The therapist will help the patient set achievable goals and encourage them to take steps towards achieving these goals. This can help the patient feel a sense of accomplishment and boost their self-esteem.
- Review progress: Throughout the course of the therapy, the therapist will review the patient’s progress and make adjustments to the treatment plan as needed.
CBT for depression has been shown to be an effective treatment for mild to moderate depression, and in some cases, it may be used in combination with medication or other forms of therapy.